Tracheobronchitis, commonly referred to as "kennel cough" is caused in 80-90% of cases by the bacteria Bordetella bronchiseptica. The other 10 to 20% of cases are caused by a variety of viruses, namely parainfluenza virus, adenovirus and, on rare occasion, canine distemper virus
This disease is most commonly found in kennels or any area where a number of dogs are housed in close confinement, such as the Fettes kennel area or dog vans.
The incubation period from the time a dog is exposed until clinical signs appear varies depending on which infectious agent is the cause. In general it appears to be about 3 to 5 days with Bordetella. Dogs usually recover spontaneously within 3 to 7 days after onset of clinical signs. During that time, it is strongly recommended that they are thoroughly rested and isolated from other dogs
Infection with these viruses may lead to more serious chronic respiratory diseases if additional microbial or viral agents, poor hygiene, or stress are present.
Adenovirus-2 can survive in the environment for several months depending on temperature and humidity
Dogs become infected by inhalation since these viruses are readily transmitted by aerosols
While these viruses do not generally cause a life-threatening disorder, they do predispose the infected dog to secondary invasion by potentially more harmful viruses or bacteria.
Both viruses are inactivated by heat, therefore steam cleaning is an effective way to eradicate these viruses from the environment. However, while good surface hygiene is important, it won't prevent transmission by aerosol.
It is a fact that the cleaner the environment horses and other animals have the less the risk of infection.
Chlorine Dioxide is the most effective disinfectant there is when you consider the broad spectrum of activity and the speed of kill.
Chlorine dioxide is safe to use you follow the simple instructions. Chlorine dioxide is environmentally friendly, both in accordance with chemical and welfare aspects of its use. Chlorine Dioxide will not produce dioxins or other toxic substances. The breakdown material in general is common salt (NaCl) and water.
When a stable is to be cleaned and disinfected the best result is achieved if you follow the following steps.
1. Clean in a conventional way removing all gross soiling and bedding material. (The cleaner the better the results of the disinfectant.)
2. Where infections have occurred first spray chlorine dioxide around all surfaces before (this will avoid further spread of contaminated material.)
3. Rinse out the stable/box.
4. Ensure that ventilation system is cleaned.
5. Spray again with Chlorine dioxide in accordance with the labelled instructions.
For perfect results the final spray should be applied with a cold fogging unit with the stables ventilation unit switched on.
Chlorine dioxide will also destroy strong odours from stables and equipment. This can be controlled with only a few minutes fogging when required.